Several types of plans are exempt from certain ACA requirements. The following examples are exempt from the plan design mandates:
HIPAA Excepted Benefits
In 1996 Congress enacted the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), which imposed a number of requirements on group health plans. Over the years Congress has amended HIPAA to add additional group health plan mandates (such as minimum maternity stays, mental health parity, and reconstructive surgery after a mastectomy, among others). Congress recognized that many types of employer-sponsored welfare programs do not provide benefits in the nature of medical care. As such, they were excepted from the HIPAA requirements. Similarly, these "HIPAA excepted benefits" are exempt from many of the provisions of the ACA law, including all of the plan design mandates, which were added to HIPAA.
As a general rule, all of the following are HIPAA excepted benefits (assuming they satisfy certain conditions, such as being offered on a standalone basis) and, therefore, are exempt from the ACA plan design mandates (for more information, contact your legal counsel):
- Accident, including accidental death and dismemberment
- Limited scope dental
- Limited scope vision
- Long-term care
- Health Flexible Spending Accounts
- Coverage only for a specified disease or illness (such as cancer-only policies)
- Hospital indemnity or other fixed indemnity insurance
- Gap coverage
Health Savings Accounts
Health Savings Accounts (HSA) are not subject to the requirements of HIPAA because they are not considered group health plans. The high deductible health plan offered in conjunction with an HSA is subject to the requirements of HIPAA (and, therefore, the ACA plan design mandates).
Stand-Alone Retiree Health Plans
The preamble to the interim final regulations on grandfathered plans provides that group health plans with “less than two participants who are current employees” are exempt from the plan design mandates of ACA. Accordingly, group health plans that do not cover at least two employees who are current employees (such as plans in which only retirees participate) are exempt from the ACA’s plan design mandates.